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Who did we survey?

We surveyed more than a thousand Chinese-Australians from September to October 2021 to better understand their life in Australia, relationship with China and perspectives on foreign influence and interference. The survey finds a broad diversity of experiences and views across Chinese-Australian communities.

Key Finding
70%
of all Chinese-Australians live in Sydney or Melbourne

Half the Chinese-Australian community was born in China, and 13% were born in Australia.

Mainland China

48%

Hong Kong

14%

Australia

13%

Malaysia

8%

Taiwan

6%

Almost half of all Chinese-Australians have migrated to Australia in the past decade.

QUESTION  In what year did you first arrive in Australia to live here for one year or more?

  1. 1960
  2. 1970
  3. 1980
  4. 1990
  5. 2000
  6. 2010
  7. 2020

Three-quarters of the Chinese-Australian community are Australian citizens or permanent residents.

QUESTION  Do you hold any of the following?

Australian citizenship 47Permanent residency 27Studying and trainingvisa 13Working and skilledvisa 6Family and partnervisa 5Other visa

The majority of Chinese-Australians live in urban areas, with the largest populations located in Sydney and Melbourne.

Greater Sydney 40% Greater Brisbane 7% Greater Adelaide 4% 621 539.5 Greater Melbourne 30% Greater Perth 8% A.C.T. 2% Hobart 1% Darwin 0.5% Rest of NSW 2% Rest of QLD 4%* Areas with less than 1% are not labelled

Chinese-Australians are on average younger than the broader Australian population.

QUESTION  How old are you?

  1. 0%
  2. 20%
  3. 40%
  4. 60%
  5. 80%
  6. 100%
Chinese-Australians
35
28
31
6
Australian population
19
29
23
29

A broad range of political views exist across Chinese-Australian communities.

QUESTION  Which one of the following political parties do you personally feel closest to?

  1. 0%
  2. 20%
  3. 40%
  4. 60%
  5. 80%
  6. 100%
Chinese-Australians
28
25
7
33
7
Australian population
31
27
12
23
3
3

Chinese-Australians are highly educated compared to Australians overall, with almost half holding a bachelor's degree.

QUESTION  What is the highest level of education you have completed?

  1. 0%
  2. 20%
  3. 40%
  4. 60%
  5. 80%
  6. 100%
Chinese-Australians
45
25
26
3
Australian population
25
36
23
13

While most identified as Chinese-Australian or Australian-Chinese, many considered themselves only Chinese or Australian.

QUESTION  Overall, do you think of yourself as...?

Australian 5Australian-Chinese 13Chinese-Australian 35Chinese 43None of the above 3
* Comparisons to the broader Australian population in this section are drawn from the Lowy Institute Poll, based on ABS population data.